Wednesday, 9 November 2011

Foreign Exchange Daily Market Update 09/11/11

The Pound finished yesterday a touch lower against the Euro, and marginally higher against the US Dollar in the foreign exchange market. The GBP/EUR exchange rate fell from the mornings open at 1.1663, to trade at 1.1656 by the UK market close. The GBP/USD exchange rate though closed at 1.6077; higher than the open at 1.6062, with the rate also breaking 1.6100 during mid-afternoon. Economic data released from the UK yesterday showed that industrial production rose annually, but fell monthly for September, and manufacturing production showed a positive increase both annually and month-on-month. The latest NIESR GDP estimate for October produced a reading of 0.5%, which was exactly in line with the market forecast, and is exactly the same as the last quarter’s actual reading.

This morning will see the UK’s visible trade balance numbers cross the wires, with the expectation to see a further increase in the UK’s trade deficit, highlighting a lack of export activity despite the fact that the Pound is still quite weak overall.

The Euro closed higher against the Pound and the US Dollar in the currency exchange market yesterday; this was despite the news that Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is set to step down after losing a vote of confidence, and that bond yields in Italy are reaching dangerous levels. The EUR/USD exchange rate closed higher on the day, up from the morning’s open at 1.3770, closing at 1.3792. There was some positive news from the Euro-zone; with Germany’s trade balance showing a further increase in the nation’s trade surplus, up from €11.8billion to €17.4billion.

There are no significant data events scheduled for the Euro-zone today; but the market will be watching closely for any comment or developments in regards to Greece and Italy, which could well give the Euro currency some direction.

The US Dollar lost some ground versus the Pound and the Euro yesterday. Despite the increasing turmoil in Europe, the currency has been steadily reversing last week’s gains. There was no significant data released form the US yesterday, with market movements being attributed to shifts in risk sentiment.

Today will see Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke speak at a Fed conference on small business. The market will watch closely for any indication from the central bank chief in regards to business conditions, and also credit conditions for companies.

This Daily Market Update is brought to you by The Market Team @ KBRFXExchange Rate, Currency Conversion & Foreign Currency Transfer specialists.

Tuesday, 8 November 2011

Foreign Exchange Daily Market Update 08/11/11

The Pound finished yesterday slightly lower against the Euro but a touch higher versus the US Dollar in the foreign exchange market. The GBP/EUR exchange rate fell from the morning’s open at 1.1669 to trade at 1.1655 by the close of the UK business day, with the GBP/USD exchange rate opening at 1.6003, and closing at 1.6022 following some choppy trading. There was no economic data of not released form the UK yesterday.

This morning will see the release of September’s industrial and manufacturing production figures, with the market forecast for an annual increase in manufacturing production, but industrial production is forecast to fall both annually and monthly. Later on today will also see the latest NIESR GDP estimate for October cross the wires. Any sharp downward revision could be damaging for the Pound, but considering the Bank of England’s addition of an extra £75billion towards monetary stimulus, the likelihood is for a reading around 0.50%, which should be positive for the market.

The Euro gained a touch against the Pound and the US Dollar yesterday in the currency exchange market, with the EUR/USD exchange rate rising throughout the day, up to 1.3745 at the day’s close, from the morning’s open at 1.3714. Economic data released from the Euro-zone yesterday was largely disappointing though. Euro-zone Sentix investor confidence fell for November, from -18.5 to -21.2, with Euro-zone retail sales also falling; both annually and month-on month, from -0.1% to -1.5% and from 0.1% to -0.7% respectively. German industrial production figures also showed a sharp decline for the month of September, dropping from -0.4% to -2.7% annually.

This morning has already seen some positive data from Europe, with the German trade balance showing an increase in the nations trade surplus from €11.8billion to €17.4billion, which is beneficial for the country, and may be one positive result of a weakening Euro currency, which enables other countries to buy goods from the nation at a cheaper price.

The US Dollar fell against the Euro and the Pound yesterday, losing some of the previous weeks gains based on shifts in risk sentiment. The overall outlook for the US is not great, with the Federal Reserve clearly worried about the possible effect of European default on its own shores. There has been a small improvement in the labour market over the past month, and figures released yesterday showed that consumer credit increased for the month of September, which should see more money flowing through the economy.

There are no significant figures set for release from the US today, so movements will come from shifts in risk sentiment, and possible unfolding of the situation in Europe. There has been talk of an expansion to the EFSF in the coming days, and also there are rumours of Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi stepping down. There is also set to be an announcement made very soon on Greece’s new Prime Minister, and then there will be further discussion to try and resolve the funding situation for the country before it runs out of cash.

This Daily Market Update is brought to you by The Market Team @ KBRFX Exchange Rate, Currency Conversion & Foreign Currency Transfer specialists.

Monday, 7 November 2011

Foreign Exchange Daily Market Update 07/11/11

The Pound closed out last week much higher against the Euro, but barely unchanged against the US Dollar in the foreign exchange market. The GBP/EUR exchange rate which opened on Monday at 1.1353 rose steadily throughout the week to close on Friday up at 1.1641. The GBP/USD exchange rate however, following some very choppy trading; opened the week at 1.6088 and after some rangy movements closed slightly lower at 1.6050. The big economic news for the week from the UK was the reading of 3rd quarter GDP, which showed that the UK economy grew at a rate of 0.5% through the 3rd quarter, a sharp advance from the previous quarter. The annual growth rate was also recorded at 0.5%, which was positive considering the market expectation was for levels at around 0.3%.

The week ahead will see some high-level market data, particularly Thursday’s Bank of England interest rate decision. Despite the ECB making a surprise rate-cut last week, there is no expectation for the UK to follow suit. Following the addition of an extra £75billion in monetary stimulus it will be interesting to see if there is any change of rhetoric from the MPC, but it is more than likely that market participants will have to wait for the release of the meeting’s minutes to gain any in-depth understanding of views and policy over the coming months. Aside from the rate meeting, Tuesday’s NIESR GDP estimate for October will be closely watched by the market for future growth expectations, along with industrial and manufacturing production numbers that are set for release on the same day. Wednesday’s trade balance numbers are more than likely to show the continual increase in the UK’s negative trade deficit, despite a previous months increase in export activity.

The Euro suffered heavily against both the Pound and the US Dollar across the past week in the currency exchange market. The EUR/USD exchange rate fell from 1.4170 at the week’s open, to trade down at 1.3786 by the week’s close. The currency was not helped by indecision and turmoil within the Euro-zone, focused heavily on the drawn-out decision of EU leaders in regards to a solution to the Greek bail-out situation. With Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou narrowly surviving a vote of confidence following a turbulent week fro the country, it was announced that he has now stepped down, and a unity government will be formed. It is crucial for any confidence in the Euro to remain that a structured plan is put in place to prevent the nation defaulting. Aside from the Greek debt situation, at his first European Central Bank rate decision as President, Mario Draghi confirmed the decision by the central bank to reduce the base interest rate in the Euro-zone from 1.50% to 1.25% citing deteriorating conditions across the euro-economy and the possibility of recession.

The week ahead has started with rumors that Italian President Silvio Berlusconi may be set to step-down; with his country deep in recession, and further austerity measure to be implemented, his leadership has been heavily called into question over the past few weeks. Political unrest may serve to undermine the currency further, so the Euro will face a tough week. Economic data set for release this week will include Tuesday’s German trade balance numbers; which will be watched closely to ensure that German exports are still thriving, which is key to growth in the country. Thursday will be a potential market-moving day, with the release of November’s ECB monthly report; which is sure to spark interest in the central bank’s outlook for growth and lending conditions. Also there may be comment passed on the involvement of the ECB in regards to bank-funding and also sovereign bond purchasing. German CPI (inflation) figures will also cross the wires on Thursday, with the market forecast for price-growth to hold steady – any increase would be worrying for the ECB, especially considering the reduction in the base interest rate this month.

The US Dollar benefitted from its ‘safe-haven’ currency status again last week, gaining rapidly against the Euro, and also pulling back slightly versus the Pound. Despite the Federal Reserve holding the base interest rate at their latest meeting, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke’s post-decision press conference cast some gloom on the market, confirming that the outlook for economic growth has slowed rapidly, and that the European debt crisis is weighing heavily on the US’s prospects, with the ‘significant downside risks’ to economic growth. Bernanke stated "Unfortunately we can't disassociate ourselves from Europe," he said. "The things that happen there do affect us." There was some slightly positive news form the US last week, with the overall unemployment rate falling to 9.0% down from 9.1% following an upward revision to the previous month’s non-farm payroll numbers.

This week will see Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke speaking at the Fed Conference on small business this week, with the market sure to take any comments from the Chairman in regards to business conditions as direction from the central bank. The currency may well again benefit from shifts in risk sentiment, as the ongoing issues in Europe increase. Towards the end of the week the US Dollar may take direction from Thursday’s trade balance numbers, and Friday’s market-moving University of Michigan confidence index numbers.

This Daily Market Update is brought to you by The Market Team @ KBRFXExchange Rate, Currency Conversion & Foreign Currency Transfer specialists.